The male cone is called the pollen cone. Before I explain how pine trees reproduce I want to remind you of the two main types of trees based on how they reproduce. Mosses, ferns, and their relatives are plants that do not produce flowers but reproduce by means of SPORES. Divide the class into groups of four. Conifers. Conifer reproduction is synchronous with seasonal changes in temperate zones. For sexual reproduction, plants produce a male and female structure, often on different plants, and the sperm swims toward the eggs to accomplish fertilization. Conifers live in dry areas. Pollen may be produced in enormous quantities, particularly by species of true pine (Pinus), which can blanket the surface of nearby lakes and ponds with a yellow scum of pollen (the pollen can cause allergies in humans). Conifer is simply a term that literally means “cone bearer”. Ferns require water for sexual reproduction. There are more than 550 types of conifer. The Coniferophyta division contains conifers, which have the greatest variety of species among gymnosperms.Most conifers are evergreen (retain their leaves throughout the year) and include some of the largest, tallest and oldest trees on the planet. If you wish to produce your own offspring, you will need a male and female of each plant for reproduction. REPRODUCTION. Examples of conifers include pines, sequoias, firs, hemlock, and spruces. Botanically speaking, the male cone is a microsporophyll and the female cone is a megasporophyll. Plants that rely on flowers for reproduction are also very dependent on outside help such as insects and animals. As with angiosperms, the life cycle of gymnosperms is also characterized by alternation of generations. The mechanisms of vegetative reproduction in conifers include layering, epicormic buds, and root suckers. Still technical – bear with us. Gymnosperms: Cycad Cones. Do angiosperms need water to reproduce? Sexual Reproduction in Gymnosperms As with angiosperms, the lifecycle of a gymnosperm is also characterized by alternation of generations. Pine trees and other gymnosperms produce two types of cones. The hard scales of the cone protect the new seeds as they grow. Stephen G. Saupe, Ph.D. One of perfect examples of asexual reproduction is tissue culture, however, this is laboratory-controlled. Sexual Reproduction in Gymnosperms. Both of these reproduce through seeds, but they have different strategies for how they produce a new seed. Seeds The seeds of a conifer are winged seeds. As with angiosperms, the life cycle of gymnosperms is also characterized by alternation of generations. Trees and shrubs that fall into this category reproduce by forming a cone rather than a flower as a container for their seeds. While conifers have the two structures on one tree, flowering plants went one step further and put the devices that make and receive pollen in the same structure. Examples of conifers are pines, fir, spruce, hemlock, cedar and cypress. submitted Nov, 2003 for publication in Sagatagan Seasons. One of my favorite Christmas carols is O Tannenbaum because it acknowledges the amazing ability of conifers to … How does that help? And they do; sexually as well as asexually. Their thin leaves are usually called needles. Wind pollination is used. In gymnosperms the cone is the female reproductive part and the pollen is the male reproductive part. Most live in shady or damp habitats. They reproduce just like any other plant, they just don't do it with bright flashy flowers like most plants. Cone-bearing evergreens such as firs, birches and pines reproduce by scaly seeds that develop inside female cones. Maxfocus/iStock/Getty Images Plus. A conifer can produce cones with both male and female reproductive organs. How do conifers conserve water. Most conifers are evergreens, or trees that keep their leaves year-round. The trees shift out of a slower winter metabolism into a high production metabolism. How do Conifers reproduce? There are seven families of conifers. Sexual Reproduction in Gymnosperms. On the other hand, conifers produce unisexual cones as the reproductive structures. There are flowering trees (angiosperms) and non-flowering or conifers (gymnosperms). In conifers such as pines, the green leafy part of the plant is the sporophyte; the cones contain the male and female gametophytes. John s University. All conifers bear seeds inside cones, woody protective structures. Conifer, any member of the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida, order Pinales, made up of living and fossil gymnospermous plants that usually have needle-shaped evergreen leaves and seeds attached to the scales of a woody bracted cone. that will truly help thank you :) Top Answer. Cycads are dioecious, so cycad cones are either male or female. If the pollen lands on a female cone, then the female cone will produce seeds. Miley admits she fell off the wagon during pandemic. Conifers only have female cones but they do produce pollen. Trees and shrubs that are categorically conifers reproduce by forming a cone to contain seeds rather than a flower. Vegetative reproduction is the capacity of a woody plant to replicate itself as a genetically identical but physically separate plant. In conifers such as pines, the green leafy part of the plant is the sporophyte; the cones contain the male and female gametophytes. Some cones are male and some are female. The male cone releases a massive amount of pollen that falls on the female cone. Unlike cycads, both male and female cones develop on the same plant, but on separate branches. Seaweeds reproduce in a variety of ways. Each sorus consists of numerous tiny, spherical granules that contain sporangia. Conifers are a group of trees and shrubs that produce cones. 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