Also in 2009, another film with the title Pope Joan was released, this one a German, British, Italian and Spanish production directed by Sönke Wortmann and produced by Bernd Eichinger, based on Cross's novel. Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus XV; Italian: Benedetto XV), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (Italian: [ˈdʒa:komo ˈpa:olo dʒoˈvanni batˈtista della ˈkjɛ:za]; 21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 1914 until his death in 1922. Through ignorance of the exact time when the birth was expected, she was delivered of a child while in procession from St. Peter's to the Lateran, in a lane once named Via Sacra (the sacred way) but now known as the "shunned street" between the Colosseum and St Clement's church. On 7 October 855, Benedict III issued a charter for the Abbey of Corvey. The earliest mention of a female pope appears in the Dominican Jean de Mailly's chronicle of Metz, Chronica Universalis Mettensis, written in the early 13th century. Paul VI Audience Hall Wednesday, 14 February 2007 . The book contains the following account of the female Pope: Pope John VIII: John, of English extraction, was born at Mentz (Mainz) and is said to have arrived at popedom by evil art; for disguising herself like a man, whereas she was a woman, she went when young with her paramour, a learned man, to Athens, and made such progress in learning under the professors there that, coming to Rome, she met with few that could equal, much less go beyond her, even in the knowledge of the scriptures; and by her learned and ingenious readings and disputations, she acquired so great respect and authority that upon the death of Pope Leo IV (as Martin says) by common consent she was chosen pope in his room. Pope Joan is referenced in the video game Persona 5, as the inspiration for Johanna, one of the titular personas (cognitive beings used by humans to battle demons) belonging to Makoto Niijima. February 7, 2018, 17:00 IST explore: World A Vatican spokesman said a woman jumped barriers and knocked down the pontiff as he was arriving for the mass but the 82-year-old pope quickly got up and was unhurt. Various authors, in the 16th and 17th centuries, occupied themselves with Pope Joan, but it was from the point of view of the polemic engaged in between the partisans of Lutheran or Calvinist reform and the apologists of Catholicism. Most modern scholars dismiss Pope Joan as a medieval legend. Pope Francis was seen kissing the hand of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI following a consistory ceremony to install 13 new cardinals at the Vatican. HOMILY OF HIS HOLINESS BENEDICT XVI. Medieval popes, from the 13th century onward, did indeed avoid the direct route between the Lateran and St Peter's, as Martin of Opava claimed. The accounts state that later church processions avoided this spot, and that the Vatican removed the female pope from its official lists and crafted a ritual to ensure that future popes were male. To welcome the Pope arrived in Lisbon, was the president of Portugal Anibal Cavaco Silva. [30] This also agrees with the earliest known version of the legend, by Jean de Mailly, as he places the story in the year 1099. Her sex was revealed when she gave birth during a procession, and she died shortly after, either through murder or of natural causes. The American Donna Woolfolk Cross's 1996 historical romance, Pope Joan, was recently made into a German musical as well as the movie described below. According to Pierre Gustave Brunet,[24]. In his telling, the female pope is not named, and the events are set in 1099. However, it’s nice to see that he respects and values a woman’s opinion. 10), and a monodrama, Pausin Johanna by Cees van der Pluijm (1996). Tag: Pope warns against "corrupt" religion at start of Middle East tour Witness video obtained by The Associated Press showed a woman dressed in a red … I had better mistake with the rest of the world, though it be certain, that what I have related may be thought not altogether incredible. From one point of view we are better off than any preceding generation. According to the Chronicon: John Anglicus, born at Mainz, was Pope for two years, seven months and four days, and died in Rome, after which there was a vacancy in the Papacy of one month. The 93-year-old pope emeritus’ new comments, which tied same-sex marriage to the Antichrist, surfaced in a new biography about him, “Benedict XVI — A Life,” that features an interview with Benedict by journalist Peter Seewald of Germany. Pope Joan (Ioannes Anglicus, 855–857) was, according to legend, a woman who reigned as pope for a few years during the Middle Ages. A Woman's Defense of Pope Benedict XVI. Rosemary and Darroll Pardoe, authors of The Female Pope: The Mystery of Pope Joan, theorize that if a female pope did exist, a more plausible time frame is 1086 and 1108, when there were several antipopes; during this time the reign of the legitimate popes Victor III, Urban II, and Paschal II was not always established in Rome, since the city was occupied by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and later sacked by the Normans. [36] In the 11th century, Pope John XIV was mistakenly counted as two popes. An English writer, Alexander Cooke, wrote a book entitled Pope Joane: A Dialogue between a Protestant and a Papist, which purported to prove the existence of Pope Joan by reference to Catholic traditions. She has both Italian and Swiss citizenship. The golden bodies were rejected by the waves of the sea and corrupted the air, so that a great many people died. He once said, "Society as a whole must defend the conceived child's right to life and the true good of the woman who can never, in any circumstances, find fulfillment in the decision to abort." [13], Alain Boureau quotes the humanist Jacopo d'Angelo de Scarparia, who visited Rome in 1406 for the enthronement of Gregory XII. Pope Benedict XVI Knocked Down By Woman At Christmas Mass … Today, at 92, he speaks out more openly and sometimes it creates some controversy. [39], In July 2019, a theatric show was held in Malta at Mdina ditch featuring Pope Joan as the main character. In the 1290s, the Dominican Robert of Uzès recounted a vision in which he saw the seat "where, it is said, the pope is proved to be a man". But given the Pope’s reliance on her as his all-access confidante, the better analogy is to see Stampa as Karen Hughes to Benedict’s President Bush. Only one. [40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47], woman who reigned as pope during the Middle Ages, according to legend, Ch. The same is true of Marianus Scotus's Chronicle of the Popes, a text written in the 11th century. Petrarch (1304–1374) wrote in his Chronica de le Vite de Pontefici et Imperadori Romani that after Pope Joan had been revealed as a woman: ... in Brescia it rained blood for three days and nights. [2][3] It was reported that she did not want to injure the Pope, and the Pope has forgiven her. [29], It has also been noted that enemies of the papacy in the 9th century make no mention of a female pope. Former Pope Benedict XVI on Thursday celebrated his 93rd birthday under strict isolation at home due to the novel coronavirus pandemic. From the mid-13th century onward, the legend was widely disseminated and believed. APOSTOLIC JOURNEY OF POPE BENEDICT XVI TO PORTUGAL ON THE OCCASION OF THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEATIFICATION OF JACINTA AND FRANCISCO, YOUNG SHEPHERDS OF FÁTIMA . Choisissez parmi des contenus premium France.The Pope de la plus haute qualité. 99: "De Ioannae Anglica Papa;" it begins succinctly "Ioannes esto Vir nomine videbature, sexu tamen fœmina fuit.". In his weekly addresses, Pope Benedict XVI expertly and thoughtfully Dear brothers and sisters, history records almost exclusively the accomplishments of men, when in fact much of it is due to the determined, unrelenting, and charitable action of women. October 11, 2012: The investigation into the Legionaries is put on pause, allegedly because the Cardinal assigned needs to rest. Trouvez les France.The Pope images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. This story is vulgarly told, but by very uncertain and obscure authors, and therefore I have related it barely and in short, lest I should seem obstinate and pertinacious if I had admitted what is so generally talked. Some versions of the legend suggest that subsequent popes were subjected to an examination whereby, having sat on a so-called sedia stercoraria or "dung chair" containing a hole, a cardinal had to reach up and establish that the new pope had testicles, before announcing "Duos habet et bene pendentes" ("He has two, and they dangle nicely"),[15] or "habet" ("he has them") for short.[16]. Speaking to journalists at a synod press briefing Oct. 25, Bishop Evaristo Pascoal Spengler of Marajo said the revision was “an important step” in that Joan was used as an exemplum in Dominican preaching. [25][26] The book gives an account of Pope Joan giving birth to a son in plain view of all those around, accompanied by a detailed engraving showing a rather surprised looking baby peeking out from under the Pope's robes. Then there is the curious fact that no legitimate historical source exists that mentions a woman pontiff until the middle of the 13th century, some 400 years later. [citation needed], http://www.safran-arts.com/42day/history/h4dec/h4dec24.html, Pope OK after woman knocks him down at Mass, "Pope fine for Christmas blessing after fall", "Pope Benedict forgives Susanna Maiolo one day after she knocked him down during Christmas Eve Mass", Útočnice prý chtěla papeže jen prosit o pomoc pro nejchudší, Susanna Maiolo, sette giorni di cure obbligate in isolamento : La donna che ha spinto il Papa era stata ricoverata 18 mesi in una struttura di Frauenfeld, in Svizzera, Pope's secretary visits woman who floored pontiff, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Susanna_Maiolo&oldid=983591793, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 03:20. Like Liked by 2 people. Benedict, who in February 2013 became the first pope in six centuries to resign, wrote a letter to the Corriere della Sera newspaper thanking readers for their best wishes as he approaches the fifth anniversary of stepping down. [27] British historian John Julius Norwich dismissed the myth with a logical assessment of evidence. Martin introduced details that the female pope's birth name was John Anglicus of Mainz, that she reigned in the 9th century, and that she entered the church to follow her lover. -- Pope Benedict XVI From Scripture through today, women have always played a unique and critical role in Church history. [1], The first attack in December 2008 was intercepted successfully by the Pope's bodyguards. It is very important for a priest, in the parish itself, to see how people … Hus's opponents at this trial insisted that his argument proved no such thing about the independence of the Church, but they did not dispute that there had been a female pope at all. Earlier manuscripts do not contain the legend. Nothing in this world - no thing, no place, no person can give us peace, lasting happiness. Philip Jenkins in The New Anti-Catholicism: The Last Acceptable Prejudice suggests that the periodic revival of what he calls this "anti-papal legend" has more to do with feminist and anti-Catholic wishful thinking than historical accuracy. Pope Francis appointed a woman to the highest-ever Vatican position held by a female Catholic. [19], In 1601, Pope Clement VIII declared the legend of the female pope to be untrue. He vehemently asserted his own authority as patriarch over that of the pope in Rome, and would have made the most of any scandal of that time regarding the papacy; but he never mentions the story once in any of his voluminous writings. The famous bust of her, inscribed Johannes VIII, Femina ex Anglia, which had been carved for the series of papal figures in the Duomo di Siena about 1400 and was noted by travelers, was either destroyed or recarved and relabeled, replaced by a male figure, that of Pope Zachary. A late-14th-century edition of the Mirabilia Urbis Romae, a guidebook for pilgrims to Rome, tells readers that the female Pope's remains are buried at St. Peter's. The second attack, on 24 December 2009, happened during the procession to the Christmas Eve Midnight Mass inside St. Peter's Basilica, where she knocked the Pope and French cardinal Roger Etchegaray to the floor, breaking the cardinal's leg and hip, and leaving the Pope uninjured. Share with your friends. This statue had never been mentioned by any earlier writer anywhere; presumably it was an actual statue that came to be taken to be of the female pope. 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