Ficus aurea. Free-standing figs display vigorous growth and resource demand suggesting that epiphytic strangler figs require special … Eventually, once the roots reach the soil and start absorbing the needed nutrients, it will kill ( read strangle ) the host tree, hence its name. Nematodes: Schistonchus aureus (Aphelenchoididae) is a plant-parasitic nematode associated with the pollinator Pegoscapus mexicanus and syconia of F. Ficus aurea is a strangler fig. [6] Within-tree asynchrony in flowering is likely to raise the probability of self-pollination, but it may be an adaptation that allows the species to maintain an adequate population of wasps at low population densities or in strongly seasonal climates. Scientific Name. Hardiness Zones. It can be grown indoors and outdoors with beautiful pads and great aerial roots. Scientific Name: Ficus watkinsiana . Light Range. [13] Gordon DeWolf agreed with their conclusion and used the name F. maxima for that species in the 1960 Flora of Panama. [15] DeWolf concluded that they were all the same species,[14] and Berg synonymised them with F. December 9, 2011 Sandra Friend. The male flowers mature around the same time as the female wasps emerge. Rove beetles: Charoxus spinifer is a rove beetle (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) whose adults enter late-stage syconia of F. aurea and F. [19] The ripe figs are eaten by various mammals and birds which disperse the seeds. [10] In his description of F. aurea, which was based on plant material collected in Florida, Thomas Nuttall considered the possibility that his plants belonged to the species that Sloane had described, but came to the conclusion that it was a new species. [27], Florida International University ecologist Suzanne Koptur reported the presence of extrafloral nectaries on F. aurea figs in the Florida Everglades. [48], Individual F. aurea trees are common on dairy farms in La Cruz, Cañitas and Santa Elena in Costa Rica, since they are often spared when forest is converted to pasture. It … The specific epithet aurea was applied by English botanist Thomas Nuttall who described the species in 1846. The strangler fig's botanical name is Ficus aurea, a member of the mulberry family, Moraceae. After four to seven weeks (in F. aurea), adult wasps emerge. Scientific name: Ficus aurea Pronunciation: FYE-kuss AR-ee-uh Common name(s): strangler fig, golden fig Family: Moraceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 1) Origin: native to Florida, southern Mexico to Panama, and western Caribbean Islands UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:native Uses: indoors; reclamation; Bonsai Figs are rainforest keystone species. [20], DeWolf, Gordon P., Jr. "Ficus (Tourn.) Although figs flower asynchronously as a population, in most species flowering is synchronised within an individual. Produces … [6], Flowering phenology in Ficus has been characterised into five phases. [40] It is present in central and southern Florida and the Florida Keys,[23] The Bahamas, the Caicos Islands, Hispaniola, Cuba, Jamaica, the Cayman Islands, San Andrés (a Colombian possession in the western Caribbean),[4] southern Mexico,[24] Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Panama. The strangler tree only occurs in FL (Kartesz, 1999). These trees have long, sturdy roots that grow downward into the soil, while wrapping around a host tree. Duration: However, in F. aurea immature inflorescences can remain dormant for more than nine months. Monoecious figs like F. aurea have both male and female flowers within the syconium. Berg concluded that the species Link described was actually F. aurea, and since Link's description predated Nuttall's by 24 years, priority should have been given to the name F. ciliolosa. Figs flower and fruit asynchronously. Strangler Fig Scientific name: Ficus (several tropical and subtropical species) [34] Wheelwright listed the species as a year-round food source for the resplendent quetzal at the same site. [19] Female wasps squeeze their way through the ostiole into the interior of the syconium. However, in dry forests on Great Exuma in The Bahamas, F. aurea establishes exclusively on palms, in spite of the presence of several other large trees that should provide suitable hosts. Name Search: name search type enter a search name. This usually results in the death of the host tree, since it effectively girdles the tree. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Ficus aurea, commonly known as the Florida strangler fig (or simply strangler fig), golden fig, or higuerón,[3] is a tree in the family Moraceae that is native to the U.S. state of Florida, the northern and western Caribbean, southern Mexico and Central America south to Panama. 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