Lowland (40) representing agro-climate of the districts and owning at least one milking cow and interviewed individually. These agro-climatic regions are delineated on the bases of agro-climatic features. Rainfall Variability across the Agro-Climatic Zones of a Tropical Highland: The Case of the Jema Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia Mintesinot Taye 1,* , Belay Simane 2, Benjamin F. Zaitchik 3, Yihenew G. Selassie 4 and Shimelis Setegn 5 1 Institute of Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Studies, Bahir Dar University, P. O. The annual LGP is not more than 90 days. z. Climatic Zones Of Horticultural Crops. Box 21, Concordia SC, 89700-000, Concordia, Brazil. Major part of the country is rain-fed. Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. A region can be divided into agro-climatic zones (CZs) ... L. StroosnijderA new agro-climatic classification for crop suitability zoning in northern semi-arid Ethiopia. successful climate change adaptation in farming, livestock and fisheries. For instance, soil type, temperature, topography, cropping and farming system and water resources. Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agro-climatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) [13]. Ethiopia is a country of great geophysical and biological diversity. An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. Odds ratio indicated that animals in the lowlands were 9.4 times more likely to be seroposi-tive to brucellosis than those in the highland agro-climatic zone (Table 2). The statistics related to state-wise agro-ecosystems cropping pattern for 1998-99 and cropping pattern according to land utilization are provided. The objective of the study was to analyze the variability of various climate indicators across the agro-climatic zones (ACZs) of the Jema watershed. research sites across the different project countries, and assessed their potential in different agro-climatic, socio-economic and political contexts. Zone Planning and Economic Development Department (NSPEDD, 2001) reveals that the elevation of the study area ranges between 800 and 2,500 meters above sea level. India has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil types on the basis of which it has been categorized into various regions. A total of 330 questionnaire surveys were collected from 44 peasant associations (PA) distributed in 15 districts. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. Crops can be grouped into high and low external inputs 5. 2Embrapa Swine and Poultry, P. O. Forest Meteorol., 150 (2010), pp. An agro-climatic zone is a land unit uniform in respect of climate and length of growing period (LGP) which is climatically suitable for a large range of crops and cultivators. Climate is one of the important complex factors which influence the fruit production. from 11 of the country’s 18 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74 percent of the country, and surveyed 1,000 farmers from 50 districts. The result is that there is a huge water deficit every year. The only marketed products were butter (65.91%), “ayib” (17.14%) and fresh milk (1.88%). ndIt is the 2 largest prospective cotton production region in Ethiopia Location: the region is located in the East & South-East of Ethiopia and shares borders with Somalia, Kenya, and Djibouti Population: 4.7 million in Somali Region and 457, 086 in Sitti Zone. The Indian union fruit growing zones are based on the climatic factors. Agro-climatic zones in India. Ethiopia Weather & Climate Zones of . Key words: Agro-climatic zone, Ethiopia, logistic regression, lumpy skin disease, risk factor. This covers only 15-20 per cent of the annual PET demand which is 1500-2000 mm. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (1998), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones. Portfolios of practices and technologies are Batjes, 2006. The prototype strain is Neethling virus. Ethiopia is a large country having 113 million hectares that is endowed with diverse climatic and physiographic condition, with a huge potential of water resource it accounts 122 BMC annual surface runoff and 2.9 BMC groundwater, though it is characterized by uneven spatial and temporal distributions. In northern Ethiopia, in the Afar Region (the zone 3 on the map), the climate is desert and hot throughout the year. The findings showed that, the mean volume of milk required to produce a kg of butter was 20.74lit and the average butter produced /week/HH was 0.44kg. It includes several basic environmental factors such as temperature, rainfall, humidity and light. A cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey was conducted to determine the distribution of lumpy skin disease (LSD) and associated risk factors in three main agro-climatic zones of Ethiopia. ˘ˇ˛ˇ ˆ˚ ˜ ! The AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study. The agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and moisture regimes (MoA 1998). The largest among them is Zone L (93531 km2) and the smallest is Zone 5J (384.6 km2). Box 32, Debrezeit, Ethiopia. The modification of the local climate is possible to a limited extent e.g. Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. N.H. BatjesISRIC-WISE Derived Soil Properties on a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid. Measured data on climate and weather in Ethiopia are scarce, as there are very few weather stations. • On the bases of the above, the country has 32 major agro-ecological zones. An analytical examination was done to work out the unevenness in point location and time to time variability in rainfall at Coimbatore and Erode district of Western agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu (India) for 100 years (1916-2015). Simple descriptive statistics along with Co-efficient of Variation (CV) were worked to understand the rainfall variability. The study aims to assess trends in extremes of surface temperature and precipitation through the application of the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on datasets representing three agroecological zones in Southern Ethiopia. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. The diversity in altitude and resulting climate and ecological variation present both challenges and opportunities. The superimposition of these map layers, viz., altitude zonation map, cropping land use map, productivity map and PT Index map resulted in the delineation of fourteen zones (five-climatic zones and nine agro-climatic zones). The planning aims at scientific management of regional resources to meet the food, fiber, fodder and fuel wood without adversely affecting the status of natural resources and environment. The quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used to delineate agrtoclimatic zones. Crop yield is (FAO, 1983). A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to test whether … Article Download PDF View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. According to the Planning Commission of India, there are 15 agro-climatic zones in India. highland agro-climatic zones (0.68%). 1057-1064. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. Agro-ecological zones and farming systems are extremely diverse. Agric. INTRODUCTION Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is one of the most serious poxvirus diseases of cattle caused by lumpy skin dis-ease virus (LSDV) within the genus Capripoxvirus. Farmers’ perceptions and matching climate records jointly explain adaptation responses in four communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia András Darabant, et al. This report was prepared as part of the efforts to assess the potential for AWM solutions at national level. Decision support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority. The study found that a percent decline in precipitation has a larger effect on the economy as compared to a corresponding increase in temperature. However, the use of agroclimatic information to adjust to the local climate is widespread throughout the world. Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. 1 ˝4 . Agro-climate: The region has hot summers and cool winters (arid), with the mean annual precipitation being less than 400 mm. The region has aridic soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes. Of those that do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian Climate Institute, which your find summarized below. intercropping. Table 1: Overview of transect area observed in each agroecological belt (AB) and agro-climatic region by the author, 1974-1993, in percent of total areas (%).....18 Table 2: Area coverage for each agroecological belt (AB) in Ethiopia, sub-divided into different agroclimatic regions (see Fig. Risk factors that showed significant effect in the univariate logistic regression were … These zones are tropical, Sub-tropical, temperate and arid zone. Ethiopia has diverse agro-ecologies, which enable the production of a variety of crops and livestock. Consequently the elevation difference in the study area is about 1,700 meters that demonstrate the existence of varied agro climatic zones. agro-climatic zones Zemelak Goraga1*, Cassio Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O. Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts. ley of Ethiopia, climate change and variability is manifest through frequent droughts and floods, erratic rainfall and fluctuating mean temperature [19]. • Due to the influence of various factors such as topography, climate, etc the country has many soil types, of which Nitosol, Vertisol, Fluvisol and Cambisol, are the most dominant ones. Oromia is mainly characterized by the diversity in altitude occupying climate and ecological variation generally western oromia is characterized The major issues emerging in the irrigated cropping systems along with yield gaps of some of important cropping systems have also been provided in the text of this paper. The variability was analyzed considering mean annual rainfall (MARF, mm), mean daily minimum temperature (MDMinT, °C), and mean daily maximum temperature (MDMaxT, °C). Out of … A percent decline in precipitation has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil on. 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