The two powers struggled for supremacy primarily on the Mediterranean island of Sicily and its surrounding waters, and also in North Africa. [5] Juba then forded the river with the remainder of his troops and proceeded northward. False reports from Utica about Juba’s strength caused him to drop his guard, leading to the Battle of the Bagradas River. Among the handful that escaped were Gaius Caninius Rebilus and Gaius Asinius Pollio.[9]. Sources. [5] Saburra gave the signal, and his forces turned around and engaged the flagging Romans. Curio queried how he could ever look Caesar in the face after he had lost him his army, and turning to face the oncoming Numidians, fought on until he was killed. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. Each time a cohort would attempt to engage the enemy, the Numidians would disengage and swing away, before wheeling around and close around the legionaries, preventing them from rejoining the line and cutting them down where they stood. The remaining soldiers sent their centurions as delegates to Varus, seeking assurances that they would not be harmed; Varus gave his word. The Battle of Bagradas River or "Battle on the Macar" (c. 240 BC) was fought between Carthaginian forces and part of the combined forces of Carthage's former mercenary armies during the Mercenary War which it used to conduct the First Punic War and those of rebelling Libyan cities. [4] They informed Curio that the approaching ‘army’ was in fact only a small body of troops under Juba’s military commander, Saburra. Only a few soldiers managed to escape the bloodbath that followed, while the three hundred cavalry that had not followed Curio into battle returned to the camp at Castra Cornelia, bearing the bad news. Returning victorious to his camp on the Bagradas, the legions acclaimed him as Imperator. [6], Marcius Rufus, left in charge of the detachment at Castra Cornelia, attempted to hold discipline after news of the disaster reached the camp. [3] Curio, also hearing that Juba’s army was less than 23 miles from Utica, abandoned the siege, making his way to his base on the Castra Cornelia. Die Schlacht am Bagradas (der alte Name der Medjerda), auch als Schlacht von Tunis bekannt, war ein Sieg einer karthagischen Armee unter Xanthippus über eine römische Armee unter Marcus Atilius Regulus im Frühjahr 255 v Jahre in den ersten punischen Krieg. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. [5], Moving away from the river, Curio eventually saw the army of Saburra. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on 24 August and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [7] With Roman resolve weakening, Curio tried to bolster their spirits, calling on them to stand firm. Battle of the Bagradas River 49 Bc | Russell Jesse | ISBN: 9785513580058 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Juba, riding into Utica and escorted by a group of armed senators loyal to Pompey, met with Varus and took control of the city. Descending from the heights that bordered a sandy and waterless plain, he and his men moved to engage the Numidians. [4], Quickly entrenching himself in the Castra Cornelia, he sent an urgent message to Sicily, requesting that his officers immediately send the two legions and the cavalry he had left behind. In ancient times this river flowed into the sea just to the south of Utica, which was then a coastal city. Synonym of Battle of the bagradas river (49 bc): English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [8] Juba then returned to Numidia, along with the captured senators for display and execution. [6], One of Curio’s legates, Gnaeus Domitius, rode up to Curio with a handful of men, and urged him to flee and make it back to the camp. The Battle of Bagradas River or “Battle on the Macar” (c. 240 BC) was fought between Carthaginian forces and part of the combined forces of Carthage's former mercenary armies during the Mercenary War which it used to conduct the First Punic War and those of rebelling Libyan cities. But with Juba’s army rapidly approaching, and Varus’s legions positioning themselves to attack, discipline rapidly broke down. [4] Flushed with success, the cavalry did not wait by the river, but rather rode back to find Curio, meeting him about six miles south of the Castra Cornelia. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. [4], Quickly entrenching himself in the Castra Cornelia, he sent an urgent message to Sicily, requesting that his officers immediately send the two legions and the cavalry he had left behind. Relieved by this news, Curio sent his cavalry out after sunset with orders locate Saburra’s camp and then to wait for Curio and the rest of the army. [8] The majority of the galleys and transports fled without waiting to collect the stranded soldiers, while the few who sent boats to ferry the soldiers back were quickly swamped by terrified soldiers, and many sank in the process. Juba, riding into Utica and escorted by a group of armed senators loyal to Pompey, met with Varus and took control of the city. Descending from the heights that bordered a sandy and waterless plain, he and his men moved to engage the Numidians. Battle of Ain Jalut, 1260 ⚔️ The Battle that saved Islam and stopped the Mongols - معركة عين جالوت - Duration: 23:58. [8] The majority of the galleys and transports fled without waiting to collect the stranded soldiers, while the few who sent boats to ferry the soldiers back were quickly swamped by terrified soldiers, and many sank in the process. He then advanced around what is now the Gulf of Tunis, reaching the Bagradas River after two days. [4] They informed Curio that the approaching ‘army’ was in fact only a small body of troops under Juba’s military commander, Saburra. [6] He ordered the captains of the transports and the other ships to have their boats ready to transport the troops back onto the ships. The Battle of the Bagradas River occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia.. Caesar sent Curio to take Africa from the Republicans. [4], Saburra had his camp some 10 miles off the Bagradas, but his advance party had already reached the river. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. [6], Marcius Rufus, left in charge of the detachment at Castra Cornelia, attempted to hold discipline after news of the disaster reached the camp. [5] Proposing to attack Saburra whilst his forces were in disarray, Curio ordered a forced march towards the river; he was unconcerned having to leave the majority of his cavalry behind due to the exhausted state of the horses, and proceeded with his reduced legions and 200 cavalry. But he soon realised that his forces were beginning to crack, so he ordered his army to retreat northward to some low hills that bordered the plain. [7] However, when Juba arrived he decided to make an example of them, and apart from a handful of senators, executed Curio’s remaining soldiers. His initial plan was to defend his position until the reinforcements arrived, as he had access to the sea, allowing easy resupply and communications with Sicily, and locally there was sufficient water, food and timber to meet his needs. [6] Even worse for the Romans was that Juba was continually reinforcing Saburra with fresh reserves, while the Romans continued to weaken as the battle went on. [5] Saburra gave the signal, and his forces turned around and engaged the flagging Romans. As Caesar attacks Pompey’s captains in the west, leading to the battle of Ilerda, his own subordinate Curio attempts to take over the province of Africa defended by Varus and Pompey’s ally – the king of Numidia Juba I. [1] Overconfident and holding the usurping governor of Africa, Publius Attius Varus, in low esteem, Curio took fewer of his legions than were available to him, leaving two behind in Sicily. [10] Juba sent a message to Pompey and the Republican senators in Macedonia, who responded by granting him the title of King of Numidia. [6] Soon the Numidian cavalry had returned and began to envelop the Roman line, pushing in to attack the Roman rear. Unclassified articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bagradas_(49_BC)?oldid=5231622. [6], However, their fatigue began to tell against Curio’s troops, and they were too tired to pursue the Numidians who were steadily falling back, and Curio’s cavalry were too few and too tired to take advantage of the break in the attack. [3] Curio, also hearing that Juba’s army was less than 23 miles from Utica, abandoned the siege, making his way to his base on the Castra Cornelia. His initial plan was to defend his position until the reinforcements arrived, as he had access to the sea, allowing easy resupply and communications with Sicily, and locally there was sufficient water, food and timber to meet his needs. The Battle of Utica (49 BC) was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and Numidian cavalry and foot soldiers sent by King Juba I of Numidia and commanded by Publius Attius Varus.Curio defeated the Numidians and drove Varus back into the town of Utica. A coastal city and began to envelop the Roman Senate proclaimed him a public.... 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