[18], As is the case for other New Zealand wine, New Zealand Pinot Noir is fruit-driven, forward and early maturing in the bottle. To meet the increasing demand for its wines, the entire country's vineyard plantings grew from 7,410 hectares (18,300 acres) in 1997 to 37,129 hectares (91,750 acres) in 2017. New Zealand wine is produced in several winegrowing regions of New Zealand. Subtle differences are seen in the wines from the South Wairarapa (which includes Martinborough), which has more maritime influences, to those grown further north in Gladstone and Masterton. Chardonnay is produced as far south as Central Otago, but plantings increase the further north one goes. In 2008, The Economist reported that for the first time, wine overtook wool to become New Zealand's 12th most valuable export at NZ$760 million, up from only NZ$94 million just a decade earlier in 1997. He has been a senior winemaker for 32 years and has judged at all the major New Zealand wine competitions. North Canterbury is simply the top half of the larger Canterbury GI north of the Rakaia River, and is still under examination, and Waipara Valley, a small area about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Christchurch and where the majority of Canterbury's vineyard area resides. Waiheke Island travel is more flexible, as ferry tickets are valid any day within a year of purchasing. [34] Only 168 hectares (420 acres) of vineyards are planted in Canterbury outside the Waipara Valley GI, concentrated in a few small areas such as West Melton, Banks Peninsula, Cheviot and Rolleston. He is currently working for Hãhã Wine Company as chief winemaker whilst continuing to develop his own wine brands under the Ant Mackenzie Wines banner. [23], New law came into force in New Zealand in 2017 that established a Geographical Indication (GI) classification for New Zealand wine, equivalent to European Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) classification and the American Viticultural Areas in the United States. New Zealand's Sauvignon Blanc is regarded by many critics as among the best in the world. This panel re-tasted the top wines to ensure consistency across the hubs and finalised the Gold medal winners. [24] In 2017 a total of 18 applications were lodged with the GI register at the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand, and registrations were complete by early 2019.[25]. Maritime climates tend also to demonstrate higher variability with cold snaps possible at any time of the year and warm periods even in the depth of winter. The area is most notable for its excellent Chardonnay, with well reviewed examples especially from Kumeu River and Soljans Estate Winery. Relatively small yields enable Martinborough winemakers to devote themselves to handcrafting superior wines. [17] Chenin Blanc was once more important, but the viticultural peculiarities of the variety, particularly its unpredictable cropping in New Zealand, have led to its disfavor. Call us to plan your perfect dining experience. The late 1970s and early 1980s were not only pioneering times for production but also for marketing. See nearby properties Tiananmen Square If you're planning a bit of sightseeing head to Tiananmen Square— just one of the monuments in Dongcheng. [17], Typically, these Bordeaux blends come from the hotter and drier regions of New Zealand, largely in the Hawke's Bay Region. Marlborough, with by far the largest plantings of Pinot, produces wines that are quite aromatic, red fruit in particular red cherry, with a firm tannic structure that provides cellaring potential.[19]. Its first annual sustainability report in 2016 states that 98% of NZ's vineyard area is certified under its Sustainable Winegrowing New Zealand scheme.[46]. [31], Nelson has the sunniest climate in New Zealand, with an annual average sunshine total of over 2400 hours, approximately equivalent to Tuscany. [11], In 1973, Montana (now Brancott Estate, owned by Pernod Ricard) planted Marlborough's first vineyards and produced its first Sauvignon Blanc in 1979, labelled by year of production (vintage) and grape variety, in the style of wine producers in Australia. The most common use of land in New Zealand during this period was animal agriculture, and the exports of dairy, meat, and wool dominated the economy. The industry sold 1 billion glasses of wine in nearly 100 countries, and more than 10% of wine sold in Britain for more than £5 was from New Zealand. [7] William Henry Beetham is recognised as being the first person to plant Pinot Noir and Hermitage (Syrah) grapes in New Zealand at his Lansdowne, Masterton vineyard in 1881. [45], As in many places in the world, an emerging trend in New Zealand wine is an increased recognition for high quality wines coming from small, boutique wineries. He has worked as a winemaker in Australia, France, California and New Zealand, where he rose to chief winemaker at Matua Valley. Central Otago is home to the most southerly wine-producing region in the world. Sam has been involved in the New Zealand hospitality and wine industry for over 30 years. This, combined with the introduction throughout the 1980s of much improved canopy management techniques to reduce leaf vigour and improve grape quality, set the New Zealand wine industry on course for recovery and greatly improved quality. The area contains north-facing limestone hillsides and escarpments, and Burgundy-like limestone alluvial soils. Log into Facebook to start sharing and connecting with your friends, family, and people you know. In an article in Decanter (September 2014), Bob Campbell suggests that regional styles are starting to emerge within New Zealand Pinot Noir. Other white wine varietals grown in New Zealand include (in descending order of vineyard area) Riesling, Gewürztraminer and Viognier, and less commonly Chenin Blanc, Albariño, Arneis and Sémillon. However the weather year-to-year is so variable and frost-susceptible that some years have been simply too cold to produce a reliable harvest. [16] Chardonnay makes up 85% of the vineyard area in Kumeu, with Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir making up most of the remainder. Purchasing a return ferry ticket allows you to travel back to Auckland any day, on any sailing - as long as it hasn't reached here. [17], New Zealand Winegrowers has also placed a growing emphasis on sustainability and organic certification, including monitoring and measuring water, energy, soil and pest management, waste reuse, land and biodiversity restoration, and social factors such as tourism impacts and staff training. [4], While New Zealand wine traces its history to the 19th century, the modern wine industry in New Zealand began in the mid-20th century and expanded rapidly in the early 21st century, averaging 17% per annum in the first two decades. Another example of the adaptation of NZ methods toward the new industry was the universal use of stainless steel in winemaking adapted from the norms and standards of the New Zealand dairy industry. Soils are usually heavy clay, or small areas of volcanic-derived soils, and it is the warmest of New Zealand's vine-growing areas. Wine making is a relatively new venture in the land of the long white cloud. Martinborough wineries are relatively small and typically family-owned, with the focus on producing quality rather than quantity. Poderi Crisci - Fine Dining Poderi Crisci is widely recognized as one of the finest restaurants on Waiheke. The end of the 1960s saw the end of the New Zealand policy known as the "six o'clock swill", where pubs were open for only an hour after the end of the working day and closed all day on Sunday. Simon has worked vintages in the United States and France, in the regions of Oregon, Bordeaux and Burgundy, and was the head winemaker at Coopers Creek Vineyard for over 20 years. Originally from Australia, Michael developed his interest in wine while growing up in the family retail liquor business. Northland is the most northerly wine region in New Zealand, and thus closest to the equator. In 2017 its vines took up 22,085 hectares (54,570 acres) of vineyard area, a full 60% of New Zealand's total grape planting, and Sauvignon Blanc wine made up 86% of the nation's exports. This means the judges were never aware of any brands and never saw any bottles. The "Larose" from Stonyridge Estate has an international reputation and is often compared with some of the best Bordeaux wine in the world, and comparing favourably with the likes of Château Latour and Château Mouton-Rothschild. It contains two GI sub-regions, Gladstone and Martinborough, as well as Masterton and Opaki. There is little discernible difference in styles of Chardonnay between the New Zealand wine regions; individual winemakers' recipes, use of oak, and the particular qualities of a vintage have tended to blur any distinction of terroir. Jim Harre’s passion for wine runs in the family – his grandfather, father and brother were all winemakers and his other brother is involved in the wine and food industry in France. [5] In 1851, French Marist missionaries established a vineyard for making Communion wine. At around this time the first plantings of Pinot Noir in Central Otago occurred in the Kawarau Gorge. The Canterbury Geographical Indication covers wine made anywhere within the Canterbury region of New Zealand, a very large area of some 44,500 square kilometres (17,200 sq mi). We are dedicated to producing the finest Cabernet blends in the world (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, and Petit Verdot) using traditional winemaking. Early success in the Hawke's Bay Region in the 1960s by McWilliams and in the 1980s by Te Mata Estate, led to a phase in the 1980s and 1990s of mainly Cabernet Sauvignon planting and wine production by large producers such as Corbans, McWilliams, and Mission Estate. Part of the Flagship range. See In practice, almost all of the region's vineyards are concentrated in a relatively small area around the city of Christchurch, which has prompted the establishment of two more specific GIs within it. [32] The long autumns permit the production of fine late-harvest wines. It is planted mostly in Marlborough, Hawke's Bay and Gisborne, with the remainder in the South Island. They are located fairly evenly throughout all wine regions, with the larger producers predominantly in Marlborough, Hawke's Bay, Gisborne, and Waipara. In recent years, the hotter temperatures are allowing Auckland winemakers (for example Omaha Bay, Cooper's Creek, Heron's Flight, Matavino, and Obsidian) to experiment with Italian and Spanish grape varieties, such as Albariño, Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Dolcetto, Temperanillo, and even Nebbiolo. [29], Wine began to be made in Matakana in the 1960s, but the oldest current vineyards are Heron's Flight (established 1988), Providence Wines, and Ransom Wines, established in the early 1990s. Nick has made wines across New Zealand’s main winegrowing regions and has also completed harvests in Italy and the United States. There are three sub-regions within Auckland: Waiheke Island, Kumeu, and Matakana. Kate’s established her new winery venture Radburnd Cellars Ltd in September 2017. In 1973, Britain entered the European Economic Community, which required the ending of historic trade terms for New Zealand meat and dairy products. I love to pair it with a chunk of lightly toasted sourdough, smeared with labneh and Internationally it is also the most recognised, its wines accounting for 85% of New Zealand's 2019 wine exports. Notable producers include French Peak (formerly French Farm), Melton Estate, and Lone Goat, which is notable for producing well-reviewed Riesling from the vineyards originally owned by Giesen Estate before they moved operations to Marlborough, and New Zealand's only Ehrenfelser wine. She joined Pask Winery in 1991 and became winemaker, joint owner and then managing director until 2017. As a consequence, many of the vineyards established there are older than their counterparts in the rest of the Wairarapa. Each small parcel of vines are carefully tended and harvested by hand, then vinified separately, fusing classic Old World techniques with innovative New World ideas. New Zealand is best known for its Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc, and more recently its dense, concentrated Pinot Noir from Marlborough, Martinborough and Central Otago. Like many other New World wines, it is usually produced and labelled as single varietal wines, or if blended the varietal components are listed on the label. By 2017 export value had risen to NZ$1.66 billion, but UK exports had dropped to second place at 23% of total exports behind the United States at 31%, with Australia accounting for almost the same proportion of export value at 22% in third place. New Zealand has long been best known for its Sauvignon Blanc, which dominates New Zealand's wine industry. [35] The region now makes up the bulk of Canterbury's plantings with a total area under vine of 1,257 hectares (3,110 acres), and is now the most well-known Canterbury area for Pinot Noir, of which 340 hectares (840 acres) is planted. Although Chardonnay may be less fashionable than it was ten years ago (it has declined in vineyard area in the last ten years, losing ground to Pinot Gris), winemakers in 2016 reported strong sales and a recent upswing. The country's elongated island geography in the South Pacific Ocean results in maritime climates with considerable regional variation from north to south. Matakana wineries are mostly small, family-run or "lifestyle" vineyards, with very small plots and non-commercial production volumes, usually dry-farmed on north-facing hill slopes. Jim Harré, Chair of Judges, selected an independent panel of 18 wine experts to judge the wines entered into the competition by wineries from New Zealand and overseas. Other countries include Canada (6%), the Netherlands (3%), and China (2%). The same may be said about Gewürztraminer, although it is also planted extensively in Gisborne. Central Otago is a sheltered inland area with a continental microclimate characterised by hot, dry summers; short, cool autumns; and crisp, cold winters. Shop at a Countdown Supermarket near you or we can deliver groceries right to your door when you shop online. Nearly 90% of total production is exported, chiefly to the United States, Britain and Australia, reaching a record NZ$1.83 billion in export revenue in 2019. Several vineyards, including Palliser Estate, Martinborough Vineyards, Murdoch James Estate (now Luna Estate) and Ata Rangi consistently produced interesting and increasingly complex wine from Pinot Noir at the end of the 1980s and into the 1990s. Although the majority of méthode traditionelle sparkling wines in New Zealand are made in Marlborough, there are also fine examples from throughout the rest of New Zealand. Splash some more cash at Beijing New World Shopping Mall, Glory Mall, and Hongqiao Market. Jen was recently awarded the 2020 Gourmet Traveller Wine Magazine NZ Winemaker of the Year. Although the Gisborne GI established in October 2017 covers most of the East Cape Gisborne District, most of the 1,371 hectares (3,390 acres) of vineyard area in 2017 is concentrated in a relatively small area around Gisborne city. Viticulturists have planted Pinot Noir here due to French experience of the affinity between the grape type and the chalky soil on the Côte-d'Or. Jim has been involved in the New World Wine Awards since 2008, this being his 13th year as Chair of the Judging Panel. New Zealand rosé is made to drink immediately rather than age, resulting in the crisp, fresh, fruit-forward flavours popular with the New Zealand public. As viticultural techniques were improved and tailored to New Zealand's maritime climate, other Bordeaux-style grapes were planted, and a switch of emphasis made to the more suitable, earlier-ripening Merlot. He has been a senior wine judge at numerous competitions including the Air New Zealand Wine Awards, New Zealand Wine of Year Awards, Gisborne Regional Wine Awards, the Romeo Bragato Wine Awards, New Zealand International Wine Show and the Royal Easter Show Wine Awards. This hilly island is home to some of Auckland's most famous vineyards. Over the years, James has also shared his passion and knowledge for wine with various New Zealand magazines and trade publications. 1 Family Estate, after the Daniel Le Brun name was acquired by Lion. Exports of New Zealand sparkling wines are chiefly to the United Kingdom, where the best known examples there are the Pelorus from Cloudy Bay, now part-owned by LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton, and the Special Reserve from Lindauer. As of the 2017 vintage, there were more than 65 hectares (160 acres) planted in vines, and 21 commercial grape growing/winery operations within the Matakana GI.[30]. Consulting winemaker Simon is an experienced senior judge and highly sought-after educator and speaker. In 2013 several Marlborough producers established Méthode Marlborough, a collaborative organisation to standardise and promote the brand both domestically and internationally.[22]. Most of the wineries are located on the Martinborough terrace, a raised alluvial terrace of the nearby Ruamahanga River. In 2016 these smaller producers, with a vineyard area of no more than 20 hectares (49 acres), represented over three-quarters of New Zealand's wineries. 93 likes. The suitability of the Marlborough terroir and success of the wines produced over the next 20 years were sufficient to attract investment from large Champagne producers, most notably Deutz and Moët & Chandon. Outside of work, Jen loves skiing, mountain biking, tramping and long walks with her dogs. It also commands higher prices than any other New Zealand white wine variety.[16]. Plus, make the most of a massive range In 2019, New Zealand produced 297 million litres from 38,680 hectares (95,600 acres) of vineyard area, about three-quarters of which is dedicated to Sauvignon Blanc. The combination of topography, geology, climate and human effort has led to the region becoming one of New Zealand's premier wine regions in spite of its small size, particularly for Pinot Noir. Olly is currently a winemaker at Misha’s Vineyard in Central Otago, as well as running his own winery/vineyard consulting business, Tripwire Consulting. Following on from the early success of Sauvignon Blanc, New Zealand has been building a strong reputation with other styles; Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Cabernet/Merlot blends, Pinot Gris and Syrah to name a few. Nick has been in and around the Villa Maria group for more than 20 years, working as group chief winemaker since 2015. After tasting Beetham's Hermitage, he concluded that New Zealand and the Wairarapa in particular were "pre-eminently suited to viticulture." The effect of consistently cool nights is to produce fruit which is nearly always high in acidity. Visit the West Coast's black-sand beaches, explore one of the 48 volcanic cones or sip wine on Waiheke Island. [17] Liam Steevenson MW has described Waipara as possibly the "most exciting place to grow Pinot Noir". He has previously worked as chief winemaker at Ara Wine Estate in Marlborough and as a consulting winemaker at Jackson Estate Wines Ltd. Find us in New World and Pak N Save supermarkets around New Zealand; in premium retail outlets and on menus at cafes and restaurants on Waiheke Island Get in touch if you want to stock 10 Knots at your place! This is partly due to a rise in popularity and production of sparkling Sauvignon Blanc, a new style of sparkling New Zealand wine. [5][6], Winemaking and vine growing date back to the colonial era in New Zealand. Indeed, recent years have seen Pinot Noir from Central Otago winning numerous international awards and accolades, and have excited the interest of British wine commentators including Jancis Robinson and Oz Clarke. It is common to see, for example, an Auckland producer market a "Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc" or a Marlborough producer market a "Gisborne Chardonnay". Vines, which produce best in low moisture and low soil fertility environments, were seen as suitable for areas that had previously been marginal pasture. Martinborough was the original area planted, on the basis of careful scientific study in the 1970s, which identified its soils and climate as perfectly suited to the cultivation of Pinot Noir. Award winning wines for your occasion and budget and the Top 50 drops under $25. Now part of the Mission Estate Winery in Hawke's Bay, it is the oldest commercial vineyard in New Zealand. [5] Wine writer George Taber recounts that Cloudy Bay is "what many people consider to be the world's best Sauvignon Blanc". [13] New Zealand's reputation is now well established; Oz Clarke wrote that New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc was "arguably the best in the world",[14] and Mark Oldman wrote that "New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc is like a child who inherits the best of both parents—exotic aromas found in … the New World and the pungency and limy acidity of an Old World Sauvignon Blanc like Sancerre".[15]. It is therefore unsurprising that almost every region is represented among the most highly rated New Zealand Chardonnays, which include wines from Kumeu River Estate (Kumeu), Church Road, Clearview, Sacred Hill, Villa Maria and Te Mata Estate (Hawke's Bay), Ata Rangi (Martinborough), Fromm (Marlborough), Neudorf (Nelson), Millton Estate (Gisborne). The fertile soils and Northland climate also results in high vine productivity, requiring good vineyard management to limit yields in order to ensure better quality wines. 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