Climate Funds Update (2010) Funded Projects. Responsible for community based skills training, Responsible for the policy on, and provision and management o, services including being responsible for leadership and practical skills as. facilities, sufficient living area of adequate quality, and tenure security. 2. understand the principles and objectives of environmental management. Accessed 18/10/10. Although the investment amount needed to start a business has more than tripled, this amount remains low enough that formal bank loans remain an insignificant source of finance. wood fuel harvesting, uncontrolled fires, and expansion of agriculture and mining activities. The effects of climate change span the physical environment, ecosystems and human societies. The urgency for adaptation is highlighted by projections from the three reports produced by the IPCC in 2007 (IPCC 2007). and how they are addressed in the Zambian Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP). Finally, improved governance helps all other measures to become more efficient. Support to strategic, environmental assessments in relation to sector reforms or public environmental expenditure, Dolan, 2007. flood regulation and water purification, and droughts. schemes also hold potential to protect smallholder farmers from drought losses. This study assessed the factors affecting the adoption and impact of improved fallows on a commonly grown cash crop, cotton, in the cotton growing provinces of Zambia. The results show a good quality in general. Climate change threatens all countries, but particularly developing ones. Its general function is to âprotect, 1994 National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP 1994). The, transition to a more resource efficient and low carbon growth economy holds opportunities for, Zambia given its abundance of both renewable (forests, water, wildlife etc) and non-, renewable resources (minerals). increasing water demand of the population and economic activities is currently not met. As many other natural resource rich countries, Zambia has failed to translate. Beyond carbon emissions, however, COVID-19 is resulting in changes in individual behavior and social attitudes, and in responses by governments that will have impacts on the environment and on our ability to combat climate change. Meanwhile, with population growth, demands on available water are, increasing and are difficult to meet reliably. The government is drafting a National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS), which, aims to coordinate and harmonize national activities around climate change, due for completion at the end of 2010 and is being developed to assist the objectives of the, National Long Term Vision 2030 and SNDP. It also provides, support to the Zambia Meteorological Department to improve the meteorological station, network and develop capacity to produce regional climate projections. environmental mainstreaming. The key question is whether the institutional capacity can be built to implement these plans, for example whether Integrated Water Resource Management can be operationalised as, Health sector adaptation options outlined in the NAPA are primarily focused on, mainstreaming climate change into existing public initiatives, for example strengthening, disease surveillance programmes and adding a climate-based early warning system to Malaria, programmes In addition, it is noted that activities to increase food security will increase the, resilience of the population to health related climate impacts, The only project from the NAPA to be directly funded through the GEF Least Developed, Country Fund so far is the 'Adaptation of the effects of drought in the context of climate, change in agro-ecological region I of Zambia', worth $3.45m. The health sector needs to be strengthened both because it has an immediate effect on welfare and because it helps build and protect human capital that is essential for long-term growth. The Millennium Development Goals. The absence of drought forecasting and lack of institutional capacity to mitigate drought impede regional drought risk reduction initiatives. It was found that DSFs over most of southern Africa are highest (lowest) during El NiÃ±o (La NiÃ±a) events and that their occurrence is associated with shifts in the loca- tion of the tropical-temperate-trough (TTT) systems that are the dominant rain-producing systems over much of southern Africa. Children, pregnant people and the elderly are the most at risk from extreme weather and heatâbut the impact â¦ environmental concerns than climate change are surprisingly poorly integrated in the SNDP. Available at: http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2010/in_detail#1. Although under pressure, forest ecosystem services such as timber and energy production as, well as erosion control, are of crucial importance to local peoplesÂ´ well-being. 6.3. The province was stratified into agroecological zones. Land degradation and siltation are an environmental concern that also reduces yields (RattsÃ¸, 1996). Seeing these issues the investigation over the year on the water quality sources of PPWSA was conducted and concerns are to be discussed in this study. resources and pollution. IIED. Water, contamination problems are more acute in peri-urban than in rural areas. Wastewater treatment is inadequate and the few existing utilities, are unable to finance operation, maintenance and investments. Impacts may include the loss of grassland and forest habitat, and reductions or increased variability in river flow impacting both habitat provision and, hydroelectric generation. It is found that there is substantial interannual variability in these parameters with some indications of a relationship between anomalies in onset date and those in NiÃ±o3.4 SST, particularly over the northern part of the country. Micro-insurance. An improved fallow is a soil fertility agroforestry technique that has commonly been used in the staple maize production systems of Zambia and sub-Saharan Africa. Trends are discussed relative to changes projected in empirically downscaled scenarios of rainfall from 7 general circulation models for the 2046-2065 period, assuming an SRES A2 emissions scenario. The new National Policy on the Environment is supposed to address the scattered policy and legal framework for environment and natural resources management, but if it is not backed by a strong political commitment and 1 This Environmental Analysis was written, at the request of the Sida Country Team for Zambia (Marie Ramm) in dialogue with the Sida Environment and Climate Change Team (Elisabeth Folkunger) by Daniel Slunge and Gunilla Ãlund Wingqvist at the Environmental Economics Unit (EEU), Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, as part of Sida-EEU's institutional collaboration on environmental economics and strategic environmental assessment, with contributions from SEI Oxford (Ben Smith). The key findings from the research analysis are as follows: the existing regulations and governance system do not facilitate the active engagement of local entities in water quality governance. The MDG Progress Report 2008 states that. Zambia is highly dependent on, agriculture (including crop and animal husbandry, forestry and fisheries). environment in planning documents, such as the SNDP, and look at budget processes, institutions and policy instruments which matters greatly for the implementation of. in southeast Africa: implications for cultivating maize. November 2010 and is based on available reports, research papers and statistics. NAPA (2007) National Adaptation Programme of Action of the Republic of Zambia. <>
the comparison countries, although not as important as indoor air pollution. Decentralization by providing more power to the local level and moving to a new spatial management system that is based on water basins are the two strong entreaties in the new water governance paradigm. The livelihoods of, healthy ecosystems and biodiversity. These documents give the strategic orientation for the application of the climate change convention with a focus on sec-tors vulnerable to climate change, the extent of greenhouse gas emissions, and the potential for carbon sequestration, adaptation, and mitigation strategies. At present there is only one registered Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in, , however the Mining and Manufacturing sectors in particular offer potential to, attract finance for mitigation activities undertaken. Deforestation threatens biodiversity and, undermines key ecosystem services such as climate and water regulation. Development and Climate Change, World Development Report 2010, urban areas in Zambia: Preparatory study for possible Swedish Support. Climate Change Threats Result in Mental Health Consequences and Social Impacts People with mental illness are at higher risk for poor physical and mental health due to extreme heat. The farming practices in Georgia have been identified as unsustainable and ecologically harmful. The views expressed in the document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Sida. nternational investors in Zambiaâs mineral wealth, As Zambiaâs wildlife is declining, it will affect, . Hydrological changes may increase pressures on Zambia's wetlands, which provide extensive, ecosystem services such as flood regulation and water purification, as well as important. Climate change is likely to bring additional burdens both through direct effects such as more, favourable conditions for transmission of communicable diseases, and also via indirect, pathways such as effects on food security and nutrition. The government re ects this in the Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) and other policy pronouncements: National Disaster Management Policy and National Climate Change Policy. is projected to increase to 15.5 million by 2015, and double by 2030. is very high (over 3%, 2010 estimates) and puts additional pressure on ZambiaÂ´s environment. tive behaviours. The paper examines Zambia's efforts to exploit renewable energy technology. ABSTRACT: Marked interannual fluctuations in rainfall are a fundamental aspect of southern African climate. Rural populations along inland. Global climate change and health: an old story writ large 1 Introduction 1 Recognising the complexity of systems upon which life depends: an ecological perspective 3 Climate change: overview of recent scientiï¬c assessments 5 Climate and human health: an ancient struggle 8 Potential health impacts of climate change 10 ................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................ .......................................... : Zambiaâs forests are under tremendous pressure, and the deforestation rate, Land degradation causes hydrological imbalance and increased risks, Indoor air pollution is the most widespread air-pollution challenge in, Zambia is prone to extreme meteorological, reversing the loss of environmental resources, Millennium Development Goal 7 âEnsuring environmental sustainab, poverty deriving directly and indirectly from environmental, the agricultural sector. Improved enforcement of environmental legislation could, diminish commercial illegal harvesting of timber and wildlife and increase revenues for both, New international financing for climate change mitigation brings opportunities to address, deforestation through compensating farmers for ecosystem services that standing forests, provide. score of 3.5 for the country systems for environmental management. Mining (especially cobalt and copper) is an important economic sector in Zambia. Buhera in agroecological zone IV receives annual rainfall of 450-650mm. However, rich natural resource endowments do not need to be a, . involvement. Renewed Growth and Poverty Reduction, in Zambia, Working Papers in Economics No. 3.1 Impacts on Poverty in urban and rural a, 5.1. The near complete lack of reference to REDD+ in the SNDP is a, significant gap, which will need to be addressed in order to realise the potential for REDD+ to. Where environment and poverty problems are becoming increasingly severe, such questions need to be answered urgently. WHO (2008a) Nutrition profile for Zambia. and water; with serious health effects (see Box 3). Impact estimates showed significant cotton yield and income increases as a result of adopting the technique. As argued by Bigsten and Tengstam, (2009) development agencies can play an important in Zambia role in pressuring for improved, Based on this brief review, it is clear that environment and ecosystem degradation pose, important constraints to development at both the micro and the macro level. Poor households also have the least, capacity to cope with food insecurity or economic shocks following natural disasters, which. Environmental health, factors play an important role in this dismal picture. Available from. Environmental ministries are typically very, Country Policy and Institutional Assessment, weakly represented at district and local levels and attention must be given to responsibilities. The study also estimated that for 2006-, 2016, average climate variability would keep an, extra 300,000 people living below the national, poverty line, whereas more severe climate, Adjusted net saving (ANS) is a sustainability indicator building on the concept, Adjusted net savings measure the true rate of savings in an eco, human capital, depletion of natural resources and da, variability would keep an extra 650,000 people in poverty. activities. There are initial experiences from. The continuous provision of information on relatively new techniques such as the improved fallows preferably in farmer organized groups, and support towards the provision of the techniqueâs planting materials are some of the areas requiring government and NGOs attention. Moreover, hydropower dam construction and climate change may also lead to the deterioration of water sources quality. Concerns of Mekong River and Tonle Sap water source quality of Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority, Cambodia, A Paradigm Shift in Water Quality Governance in a Transitional Context: A Critical Study about the Empowerment of Local Governance in Georgia, Phnom Penh's Municipal drinking water supply: water quality assessment, Role of remote sensing and community forestry to manage forests for the effective implementation of REDD+ mechanism: A case study on Cambodia, Climate Change, Disasters, and Internal Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach, Adoption and Impact of the Improved Fallow Technique on Cotton Productivity and Income in Zambia, Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Development in Africa: Experiences of Zambia, Dry spell frequencies and their variability over Southern Africa, Growing-season rainfall and scenarios of future change in southeast Africa: Implications for cultivating maize, Creating and protecting Zambia's wealth Creating and protecting Zambia's wealth: Experience and next steps in environmental mainstreaming, Renewed Growth and Poverty Reduction in Zambia, The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Economic Growth and Poverty in Zambia, An analysis of onset date and rainy season duration over Zambia, World Development Report 2010: Climate Change, Influence of temperature and rainfall on the evolution of cholera epidemics in Lusaka, Zambia, 2003â2006: analysis of a time series, The FRAM Centre for Future Chemical Risk Assessment and Management Strategies, STAKE - Stakeholder Interaction in Research Processes, SCANDTICK INNOVATION: Tick-borne Diseases, Risk Perception and Protective Behaviour in Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Capacity development for effective SEA: Setting the Agenda for Research and Practice, Impact of Drought and HIV on Child Nutrition in Eastern and Southern Africa, Water and Sanitation Inequality in Africa: Challenges for SDG 6. The SNDP priority. Hassan (eds), 2000. hold potential to protect smallholder farmers from drought losses. For example, 600,000 households depend directly on, agricultural biodiversity for their livelihood. Some agroforestry technologies have been shown to improve the soil and animal fodder availability (Dzowela, 1994; Govere, 2003). Poor households also have the least capacity to cope with food insecurity or economic shocks following natural disasters, which are likely to become more frequent with climate change. The findings can help us better understand and focus on preventive actions and target appropriate risk communication. In addition, the study recommends that the farmersâ formal education level should be enhanced and that improved tree fallows should also be explicitly promoted on cash crops that have similar agronomic requirements to maize such as cotton. Natural disaster risks and Climate Change: Temperatures in Zambia have increased by around, 1.3ÂºC since 1960. Overall trends in child nutrition are improving as national averages; the improvement is slowed but not stopped by the effects of intermittent droughts. A Poisson autoregressive model controlling for seasonality and trend was built to estimate the association between the increase in the weekly number of cases and weekly means of daily maximum temperature and rainfall. Currently, the water treatment plants have no capacity to reduce nitrate levels so any increase in nitrate in the supply water will be passed onto consumers. 424, Department of Economics, University of. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Climate variability is estimated to reduce, agricultural growth by 1% per year. Kenneth Kaunda, the first president of Zambia, says help from developed countries will be crucial in ensuring that countries like Zambia can cope with the effects of climate change. This paper discusses the challenge of using these growing resources effectively to improve the welfare of the population and to reduce poverty. Final Draft. A total of 42 farmer trained and 48 untrained farmers were also interviewed. The general pattern is expected to be of less, rainfall in the early part of the rainy season (Sep-Nov), but an increase towards the end, (March-May). The study also shows that the use of renewable energy in rural Zambia is limited mainly to solar energy technologies with minimal exploitation of wind energy technology. Analysis of circulation anomalies for early (late) onset seasons over northern Zambia shows that they are characterised by anomalous ridging (troughing) over and south of South Africa, a weaker (stronger) Angola heat low and enhanced (reduced) low level moisture flux into eastern Zambia from the Indian Ocean. develop that land, dependence on unreliable rainfall, and increasingly climatic vulnerability. defeat the threat of climate change. 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